“The number of leaks of classified information reported as potential crimes by federal agencies reached record high levels during the first two years of the Trump administration,” wrote Steven Aftergood, government secrecy specialist at the Federation of American Scientists, summarizing data he obtained through the Freedom of Information Act.
Agencies forwarded 120 leak referrals to Justice in 2017, and 88 leak referrals in 2018, for an average of 104 per year, the data show. By comparison, the average number of leak referrals during the Obama administration was 39 per year.
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Aftergood noted that thwarting leaks was high on the agenda of Jeff Sessions, Trump’s first attorney general, who described “a staggering number of leaks” during a Aug. 4, 2017, briefing. Sessions also said the leaks “had reached epidemic proportions,” when he testified to the House Judiciary Committee in November 2017. Sessions then said the department had completed nine investigations of leaks over the past three years, but that as many as 27 were currently open, some pertaining to leaks during the Obama years, Aftergood noted in his blog.
The 2018 total of 88 referrals of leaks was “higher than any reported pre-Trump figure,” the analyst wrote. (The previous high in recent decades had been 55 referrals in 2013 and in 2007. The lowest was 18 in 2015.)
The number of referrals, however, does not indicate how many resulted in criminal investigations by the FBI, or in which, primarily national security-related, agencies they are concentrated, the blogger added.
The fact that leaks occur every year does suggest that such leaks are “normal” in government, Aftergood said. The reported numbers “do not distinguish between leaks that simply 'hurt our country,' as the [then-] attorney general [Sessions] put it, and those that are complicated by a significant public interest in the information that was disclosed.”