Analysts say the White House may have a slight advantage in the partisan standoff over civil service protections for workers in the proposed Department of Homeland Security.
By agreeing to move swiftly on legislation to create a Department of Homeland Security, members of Congress have left themselves little time to alter the Bush administration's proposal.
Analysts say that congressional proposals aimed at overhauling the 37,000-person INS will do little to turn around the service.
As the INS focuses on keeping terrorists from entering the country, analysts are warning that screening must get smarter.
Recent INS snafus have provided new momentum for the Bush administration's effort to reorganize border security agencies. But many hurdles remain in the way of consolidating federal border operations.
Without a national plan, experts and some members of Congress fear the President's multi-billion dollar budget for homeland security will be misspent.
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