The workshop, held this week at the National Academy of Sciences, brought together government officials, computer scientists, academics, Web standards leaders and government vendors. W3C, an Internet standards group, organized the event to facilitate the deployment of Web standards across government Web sites; help shape research agendas; and guide officials in crafting Web policy that increases access to government information.
After speaking at the event, which was closed to the press, McDermott told Technology Daily: "What the people in there -- mostly technology people -- don't understand is that it's not just a resource decision, it's a political decision to expose that information. It's really more the politics than the policy."
She added that there is nothing in the policy to prevent the Bush administration from "exposing" public records on the Internet, yet government agencies are Web-averse. "What we get is the information that the government wants us to know about," so "we don't know what we don't know," McDermott said.
While techies want the government to venture into the "semantic Web" -- an evolving, more intelligent Internet that can deeply analyze content, McDermott said, "we'd like to get to Web 1.0" first.
She said that at the workshop, attendees told her that government agencies just need to make their databases available on the Internet, and others in the online community will reformat the contents so the information is compatible with new technologies. "Others will create the [topical] tags" that allow the content to be integrated into advanced Web technologies, they said.
McDermott's reply: The policy is already there to do that. "It's been there for years. It's just not being enforced. It takes leadership from the White House."
She pointed to the Environmental Protection Agency as an example. "Our experience with the Web is Clinton and Bush. During the Clinton administration, people could call people in the office of pollution control ... and say, 'What else do you have that is not online?'" Agency employees were willing to provide whatever hard data they had in the building.
Today, she said, agencies are not always aware themselves of the information they have collected.
Brand Niemann, an EPA official and co-chair of the CIO Council's Semantic Interoperability Community of Practice, who was in the room with McDermott, told Technology Daily, "I offered to have her give me a list of things that she needed and I would make sure she got them."
He added that McDermott's criticisms were not consistent with his experiences at EPA.