HHS chief Tom Price (left) and Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced the bust Thursday.

HHS chief Tom Price (left) and Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced the bust Thursday. Jacquelyn Martin/AP

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More Than 400 Charged in Largest Ever Federal Health Care Fraud Bust

Investigation targeted schemes to bill Medicare, Medicaid and TRICARE for unnecessary and often undistributed treatments.

The Justice Department has charged hundreds with health care fraud after a nationwide investigation revealed $1.3 billion in illegitimate insurance claims.

In what the department billed as the largest health care fraud takedown ever, officials indicted 412 individuals, including 115 doctors, nurses and medical professionals, for allegedly participating in fraud schemes across 41 federal districts in 30 different states. Additionally, 120 people were charged for unnecessarily providing and distributing opioids and other narcotics, and the Health and Human Services Department and issued suspensions against 295 health care providers.

The effort was part of the federal government’s attempts to curb improper payments to beneficiaries of large programs such as Medicare, which were estimated at $137 billion governmentwide as of fiscal 2015.

Attorney General Jeff Sessions joined HHS Secretary Tom Price in announcing the bust on Thursday, calling the results of these illegal practices “disastrous.”

“Too many trusted medical professionals like doctors, nurses and pharmacists have chosen to violate their oaths and put greed ahead of their patients,” Sessions said. “Their actions not only enrich themselves often at the expense of taxpayers, but also feed addictions and cause addictions to start.”

The fraud investigation targeted schemes to bill Medicare, Medicaid and TRICARE — an insurance program for military members and their families — for unnecessary and often undistributed treatments. In such scenarios, co-conspirators often received kickbacks for providing medical professionals with beneficiary information, which was then used to file fraudulent bills.

Officials say these schemes can give patients easier access to prescriptions and fault the defendants in helping fuel the opioid epidemic plaguing many regions of the United States. Many of the operations busted in the recent investigation specifically targeted addiction patients.

“Last year, an estimated 59,000 Americans died from a drug overdose, many linked to the misuse of prescription drugs,” acting Drug Enforcement Agency Administrator Chuck Rosenberg said. “There is a great responsibility that goes along with handling controlled prescription drugs.”

Since 2007, the Justice’s Medicare Fraud Strike Force has charged more than 3,500 individuals in falsely billing the Medicare program for a combined $12.5 billion.