Moving the Military

Two Defense agencies get troops and supplies to destinations around the world.

Transportation Command (TRANSCOM)

  • Established in 1987, one of nine military combatant commands.
  • Oversees the transportation of troops and supplies throughout the world.
  • Three components:
    • Air Mobility Command manages the delivery of troops and equipment by air and refueling of aircraft anywhere in the world.
    • Military Sealift Command oversees all transportation of military cargo on the seas, including ships pre-positioned around the world with stockpiles. Most of the cargo ships are government-owned, but run by contractors.
    • Military Traffic Management Command provides ground and rail transport for cargo and personnel around the world.
Defense Logistics Agency (DLA)
  • The largest agency in the Defense Department, with 24,069 civilian and military personnel throughout the world.
  • Orders, stocks and supplies food, fuel, clothing, medicine, spare parts and services valued at $21.5 billion for military services throughout the world.
  • Provided more than $3 billion in supplies during Operation Desert Storm; thus far, has supplied $2.84 billion worth in Operation Iraqi Freedom.
  • Throughout the 1990s, consolidated warehousing and distribution operations; increasingly hires vendors to directly deliver supplies to troops.
SOURCE: Transportation Command, Defense Logistics Agency

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