Legislation in the works on smallpox compensation issue

Public health experts said this week that the single largest factor preventing implementation of the U.S. smallpox immunization plan is the lack of compensation for those sickened by the vaccine, but legislation is now being drafted to address the problem, according to congressional sources.

Medical workers have stayed away from the program in droves over fears of the well-advertised and potentially dangerous side effects of the vaccine. Over a month into the immunization campaign, fewer than 7,500 emergency workers nationwide have received the vaccine.

On Feb. 13, Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif., introduced the Smallpox Vaccine Compensation and Safety Act and staffers are negotiating a bill in the Senate to provide compensation for those who suffer adverse vaccine side effects.

"I have heard from public health officials and vaccination experts that many health care workers are understandably reluctant to accept a vaccine to protect the public while being forced to face the consequences of an adverse reaction alone. These consequences can include large medical bills, lost income, pain and suffering, and death. There can be no doubt that a compensation plan is urgently needed," Waxman said.

Sen. Judd Gregg, R-N.H., chairman of the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee, and Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., the committee's senior Democrat, are drafting legislation to address obstacles to the smallpox immunization plan, according to their staff.

"We need to reassure people that need to receive the vaccine that they will be protected," said Christine Iverson, a spokeswoman for the Gregg's committee. Legislation will be brought to the Senate "hopefully in the next month," Iverson said.

Gregg, Kennedy, Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, R-Tenn., and other lawmakers are negotiating to produce a bill that resolves the vaccine compensation issue, according to Kennedy aide Jim Manley.

"Everyone, in the end, would prefer to have a bipartisan proposal," Iverson said. Although it is not yet clear what the final product will look like, she said that Gregg and Kennedy have been "working closely" on the issue.

The U.S. health care community's reluctance to accept the vaccine surprised experts, some of whom complained about exaggerated reports of the possible side effects.

"People have wildly overstated the risks of the vaccine. Wildly," said Ed Kaplan, a Yale University professor who has criticized the CDC's smallpox vaccine plans. He said that sensationalized reports are keeping volunteers away.

"In part it's because there were a lot of scare tactics being used," according to Kaplan.

While some experts said the chances of suffering vaccine side effects are remote, they also said that public concerns must be addressed.

"All of us, I certainly did, underestimated the impact of the compensation issue," said Georges Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association. Benjamin said that issues of compensation and liability protection are "showstoppers," and Congress still has "a huge way to go."

Stay up-to-date with federal news alerts and analysis — Sign up for GovExec's email newsletters.
Close [ x ] More from GovExec

Thank you for subscribing to newsletters from GovExec.com.
We think these reports might interest you:

  • Going Agile:Revolutionizing Federal Digital Services Delivery

    Here’s one indication that times have changed: Harriet Tubman is going to be the next face of the twenty dollar bill. Another sign of change? The way in which the federal government arrived at that decision.

  • Cyber Risk Report: Cybercrime Trends from 2016

    In our first half 2016 cyber trends report, SurfWatch Labs threat intelligence analysts noted one key theme – the interconnected nature of cybercrime – and the second half of the year saw organizations continuing to struggle with that reality. The number of potential cyber threats, the pool of already compromised information, and the ease of finding increasingly sophisticated cybercriminal tools continued to snowball throughout the year.

  • Featured Content from RSA Conference: Dissed by NIST

    Learn more about the latest draft of the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology guidance document on authentication and lifecycle management.

  • GBC Issue Brief: The Future of 9-1-1

    A Look Into the Next Generation of Emergency Services

  • GBC Survey Report: Securing the Perimeters

    A candid survey on cybersecurity in state and local governments

  • The New IP: Moving Government Agencies Toward the Network of The Future

    Federal IT managers are looking to modernize legacy network infrastructures that are taxed by growing demands from mobile devices, video, vast amounts of data, and more. This issue brief discusses the federal government network landscape, as well as market, financial force drivers for network modernization.

  • eBook: State & Local Cybersecurity

    CenturyLink is committed to helping state and local governments meet their cybersecurity challenges. Towards that end, CenturyLink commissioned a study from the Government Business Council that looked at the perceptions, attitudes and experiences of state and local leaders around the cybersecurity issue. The results were surprising in a number of ways. Learn more about their findings and the ways in which state and local governments can combat cybersecurity threats with this eBook.


When you download a report, your information may be shared with the underwriters of that document.