Border security needs improvement, INS, Customs tell panel

The government's two top immigration officials told a Senate subcommittee Wednesday that their agencies need more personnel, more advanced technology and better cooperation from the intelligence community to secure the nation's northern border.

Immigration and Naturalization Service Commissioner James Ziglar and U.S. Customs Service Commissioner Robert Bonner told the Senate Treasury and General Government Appropriations Subcommittee that northern border security was a focus of improvement even before the Sept. 11 attacks.

Subcommittee Chairman Byron Dorgan, D-N.D., said he has long believed the northern border is vulnerable. The 4,000-mile border, he said, is "woefully understaffed," adding that orange cones are responsible for protecting much of it.

Bonner said no port of entry should be left insecure. "I want to retire those orange cones," he said. Every port of entry has been ordered to maintain at least two officers, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, he added.

While both commissioners said they are confident the borders are now secure, they said they fear not being able to maintain the security.

Personnel have been transferred from the southern to the northern border since the attacks, and are working 12-hour shifts, they said.

"The fact is we are expending a vast amount of overtime, asking our people to work much longer, harder hours," Bonner said. "I am concerned that the amount of hours will lead to burnout."

Ziglar said there are two key elements in increasing border security: expanded use of technology and cooperation among agencies.

In addition to calling for an increase in INS Border Patrol agents and facilities, Ziglar encouraged expanding access to biometric identification systems, to data from the multi-agency Advance Passenger Information System and the National Crime Information Center Interstate Identification Index. He said these technologies would help prevent known terrorists and criminals from entering or fleeing the United States.

"We know [additional security] is going to inconvenience some of us," said Sen. Conrad Burns, R-Mont. "But it's an inconvenience the American people are willing to accept."

Ziglar and Bonner are receiving daily morning intelligence briefings, and suggested an integration of technology systems to be able to share data with the State Department and the FBI.

"It's not just sharing the information," Bonner added. "It's also having the intelligence to share."

Ziglar added there would also be an effort to minimize inconveniences to frequent, "low-risk travelers" and to reduce the threat to commerce and trade.

Stay up-to-date with federal news alerts and analysis — Sign up for GovExec's email newsletters.
FROM OUR SPONSORS
JOIN THE DISCUSSION
Close [ x ] More from GovExec
 
 

Thank you for subscribing to newsletters from GovExec.com.
We think these reports might interest you:

  • Forecasting Cloud's Future

    Conversations with Federal, State, and Local Technology Leaders on Cloud-Driven Digital Transformation

    Download
  • The Big Data Campaign Trail

    With everyone so focused on security following recent breaches at federal, state and local government and education institutions, there has been little emphasis on the need for better operations. This report breaks down some of the biggest operational challenges in IT management and provides insight into how agencies and leaders can successfully solve some of the biggest lingering government IT issues.

    Download
  • Communicating Innovation in Federal Government

    Federal Government spending on ‘obsolete technology’ continues to increase. Supporting the twin pillars of improved digital service delivery for citizens on the one hand, and the increasingly optimized and flexible working practices for federal employees on the other, are neither easy nor inexpensive tasks. This whitepaper explores how federal agencies can leverage the value of existing agency technology assets while offering IT leaders the ability to implement the kind of employee productivity, citizen service improvements and security demanded by federal oversight.

    Download
  • IT Transformation Trends: Flash Storage as a Strategic IT Asset

    MIT Technology Review: Flash Storage As a Strategic IT Asset For the first time in decades, IT leaders now consider all-flash storage as a strategic IT asset. IT has become a new operating model that enables self-service with high performance, density and resiliency. It also offers the self-service agility of the public cloud combined with the security, performance, and cost-effectiveness of a private cloud. Download this MIT Technology Review paper to learn more about how all-flash storage is transforming the data center.

    Download
  • Ongoing Efforts in Veterans Health Care Modernization

    This report discusses the current state of veterans health care

    Download

When you download a report, your information may be shared with the underwriters of that document.