After downsizing, civilian workforce on the upswing

Most federal agencies project a slight increase in the number of full-time employees for 2001, according to President Clinton's proposed fiscal 2001 budget. The Defense Department, however, will see a 5.2 percent decrease in its workforce.

Of 20 major agencies, 15 report staff increases between 1999 and 2001. The total number of employees at non-Defense agencies will rise 1.8 percent from 1999 to 2001, the budget estimates.

For example, the Treasury Department will see a 4.1 percent increase in its workforce, a change National Treasury Employees Union President Colleen M. Kelley attributes to a reorganization of the Internal Revenue Service. "The IRS needs funding in order to support its reorganization" to enable the agency to provide better customer service, Kelley said. The Justice Department will see the largest increase over the two-year period, with more than 10,000 employees joining its ranks.

Though civilian agencies' ranks are on the upswing, the total federal civilian workforce will still be 18 percent smaller in 2001 than it was in 1993.

In 1999, Congress enacted legislation approving the Clinton administration's proposal for governmentwide early out authority, allowing agencies to offer voluntary early retirement to eligible employees. For fiscal 2001, the administration is seeking similar authority for buyouts.

Employment level by agency
(Full-Time Equivalents, in thousands)

Agency 1999 2001 % Change
Agriculture 95.5 100.5 5.2%
Commerce 47.3 42.6 -9.9%
Defense 681 645.5 -5.2%
Education 4.5 4.7 4.4%
Energy 15.9 16.1 1.3%
Health and Human Services 58.9 63.2 7.3%
Social Security Administration 63.0 63.1 0.2%
Housing and Urban Development 10.0 10.6 6.0%
Interior 67.0 69.5 3.7%
Justice 121.3 131.5 8.4%
Labor 16.3 17.4 6.7%
State 29.4 30.2 2.7%
Transportation 63.7 65.1 2.2%
Treasury 143.7 149.6 4.1%
Veterans Affairs 205.5 203.4 -1.0%
EPA 18.1 18.0 -0.6%
FEMA 5.2 4.9 -5.8%
GSA 14.1 14.2 0.7%
NASA 18.5 19.0 2.7%
OPM 2.8 3.0 7.1%
Total Civilian Agencies* 1,097.4 1,116.9 1.8%
Total Defense 681 645.5 -5.2%

* includes agencies not listed above

Source: The President's Fiscal 2001 Budget

Stay up-to-date with federal news alerts and analysis — Sign up for GovExec's email newsletters.
Close [ x ] More from GovExec

Thank you for subscribing to newsletters from
We think these reports might interest you:

  • Forecasting Cloud's Future

    Conversations with Federal, State, and Local Technology Leaders on Cloud-Driven Digital Transformation

  • The Big Data Campaign Trail

    With everyone so focused on security following recent breaches at federal, state and local government and education institutions, there has been little emphasis on the need for better operations. This report breaks down some of the biggest operational challenges in IT management and provides insight into how agencies and leaders can successfully solve some of the biggest lingering government IT issues.

  • Communicating Innovation in Federal Government

    Federal Government spending on ‘obsolete technology’ continues to increase. Supporting the twin pillars of improved digital service delivery for citizens on the one hand, and the increasingly optimized and flexible working practices for federal employees on the other, are neither easy nor inexpensive tasks. This whitepaper explores how federal agencies can leverage the value of existing agency technology assets while offering IT leaders the ability to implement the kind of employee productivity, citizen service improvements and security demanded by federal oversight.

  • IT Transformation Trends: Flash Storage as a Strategic IT Asset

    MIT Technology Review: Flash Storage As a Strategic IT Asset For the first time in decades, IT leaders now consider all-flash storage as a strategic IT asset. IT has become a new operating model that enables self-service with high performance, density and resiliency. It also offers the self-service agility of the public cloud combined with the security, performance, and cost-effectiveness of a private cloud. Download this MIT Technology Review paper to learn more about how all-flash storage is transforming the data center.

  • Ongoing Efforts in Veterans Health Care Modernization

    This report discusses the current state of veterans health care


When you download a report, your information may be shared with the underwriters of that document.