Downsizing Ahead of Schedule

The 1994 Federal Workforce Restructuring Act required the executive branch to cap employment at 1,922,300 for 1998. According to budget projections, the Clinton Administration will have eliminated 70,000 more positions than were required by the act. Nearly two-thirds of the cuts will have been borne by the Department of Defense.

(Civilian employment as measured by Full-Time Equivalents, in thousands)

1996 1998
1993 base
to 1998
1993 base
to 1998
Agriculture* 115.6 100.7 99.9 -15.8 -13.6%
Commerce 36.7 33.8 38.3 +1.6 +4.3%
Defense-military functions 931.3 778.9 733.2 -198.1 -21.3%
Education 5.0 4.7 4.6 -0.5 -9.3%
Energy 20.6 19.1 17.2 -3.4 -16.5%
Health and Human Services* 65.0 57.2 57.6 -7.3 -11.3%
Social Security Administration 65.4 64.0 65.4 --- ---
Housing and Urban Development 13.6 11.4 11.0 -2.7 -19.6%
Interior 79.3 66.7 71.4 -7.9 -10.0%
Justice 99.4 103.8 121.8 +22.4 +22.5%
Labor 18.3 16.0 17.1 -1.2 -6.5%
State 26.0 22.9 23.2 -2.8 -10.8%
Transportation 70.3 62.4 64.8 -5.5 -7.8%
Treasury 166.1 151.1 148.1 -18.0 -10.8%
Veterans Affairs* 232.4 221.9 210.6 -21.8 -9.4%
Environmental Protection Agency 18.6 17.2 18.3 -0.3 -1.6%
General Services Administration 20.6 15.7 14.4 -6.2 -30.2%
NASA 25.7 21.1 19.8 -6.0 -23.3%
Office of Personnel Management 6.2 3.4 3.3 -3.0 -47.6%
Total, Executive Branch civilian employment. 2,155.2 1,891.7 1,855.6 -299.6 -13.9%

* The Departments of Agriculture, Health and Human Services, and Veterans Affairs have components that are exempt from FTE controls. In 1998, Agriculture has 2098, HHS has 268 exemptions and Veterans Affairs has 3,200 exemptions.

Source: The Budget For Fiscal Year 1998, Office of Management and Budget

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