Intelligence and the Campaign Against ISIS

 Lt. Cmdr. Craig Ryan launches an F/A-18F Super Hornet from the deck of the USS Roosevelt, which is supporting operations against ISIS. Lt. Cmdr. Craig Ryan launches an F/A-18F Super Hornet from the deck of the USS Roosevelt, which is supporting operations against ISIS. 3rd Class Anna Van Nuys/U.S. Navy

Intelligence analysts have given investigators documents they say show senior military officials distorted reports on the progress made against ISIS, The New York Times is reporting.

A spokeswoman for the Pentagon’s inspector general told the Times the investigation is focused on the intelligence command at Central Command, which oversees U.S. military operations in the Middle East. An unnamed government intelligence analyst told the newspaper the complaints involve senior officials in the unit.

“The investigation will address whether there was any falsification, distortion, delay, suppression or improper modification of intelligence information,”Bridget Serchak, the spokeswoman for the Pentagon’s inspector general, told theTimes on Tuesday. Here’s more from the paper:

The New York Times reported last month that the investigation had begun, but the scope of the inquiry and the focus of the allegations were unclear. The officials now say that the analysts at the center of the investigation allege that their superiors within Centcom’s intelligence operation changed conclusions about a number of topics, including the readiness of Iraqi security forces and the success of the bombing campaign in Iraq and Syria.

The revisions presented a more positive picture to the White House, Congress and other intelligence agencies, the officials said.

The issue is likely to be raised Wednesday when Gen. Lloyd Austin, who oversees Centcom, testifies before a Senate panel on the military operations against ISIS.

The Times adds:

Disagreements over analytical conclusions are both commonplace and encouraged. Just as in the peer review process in academia, the government wants analysts to consider opposing viewpoints and revise reports as necessary. Analysts who disagree are encouraged to publish rival papers, but changing someone else’s conclusion is forbidden.

The matter is complicated because the analysts who made the complaint work for the Defense Intelligence Agency — it was created to be immune from the pressures and biases of the officers leading the war — but are supervised by officers at Centcom. At least one analyst complained to the inspector general in July. Last week, The Daily Beastreported that those complaints were supported by a cadre of more than 50 intelligence agents.

ISIS controls large parts of Syria and Iraq. But U.S. and allied airstrikes against the group are focused mainly on Iraq. The strikes have had limited success.  On Wednesday, Australian warplanes made their first strikes against ISIS targets. France is expected to join those efforts in the coming weeks.

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