GAO: Defense finance systems $6.9 billion over budget, years behind schedule

After a $5.8 billion investment, six out of nine Defense IT systems critical to the department's ability to achieve a financial audit are two to 12 years behind schedule. In addition, the systems collectively have experienced cost overruns of at least $6.9 billion, according to a review by the Government Accountability Office.

Asif Khan, director of financial management and assurance at GAO, told the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee on Wednesday only one of 10 enterprise resource planning systems essential to transforming business operations at Defense has been completed.

The ERP systems are intended to replace more than 500 legacy systems that now cost hundreds of millions of dollars to operate annually, according to GAO. The successful implementation is essential to the department's ability to meet statutory requirements for financial management and auditing.

Congress required Defense, which is responsible for more than half the federal government's discretionary spending, to achieve an independent audit by 2017, a goal the department is not likely to meet. To date, no military service has been audited, although the Marine Corps is undergoing an audit.

Sen. Tom Carper, D-Del., chairman of the Subcommittee on Federal Financial Management, Government Information, Federal Services and International Security, said it is critical the department be ready for an audit by 2017.

"Not only will an audit help the Department of Defense ensure that billions of tax dollars are being spent properly, but it will help make certain that our troops have the equipment they need when and where they need it," he said.

Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., noted, "If this were a corporation in America, the shareholders would have fired management long ago." In 2009, Defense changed its approach to improving financial management by focusing on two specific areas: budget data and information about mission-critical assets. By making those the top priorities, officials believe they can leverage efforts more effectively across the department to meet the most critical financial management data needs, while continuing to work toward being able to audit the department's financial records -- an approach endorsed by GAO, Khan said.

"Our business systems are not conducive to audits," Defense Comptroller Robert Hale told lawmakers.

"The Department of the Navy is a leader here -- the Marine Corps particularly," he said. While the Marine Corps audit is not due to be completed until Nov. 15, Hale said it's clear the service won't be able to meet that deadline.

"The Marine Corps will get a disclaimer," he said. Nonetheless, the exercise has been invaluable in developing lessons for all the services. For example, the audit has shown steps Defense entities must take to meet audit requirements in areas such as closing out contracts and reconciling accounts with the Treasury Department, he said.

"It's not sexy stuff. It's blocking and tackling," Hale said. "We've just got to get better at it."

Stay up-to-date with federal news alerts and analysis — Sign up for GovExec's email newsletters.
Close [ x ] More from GovExec

Thank you for subscribing to newsletters from
We think these reports might interest you:

  • Going Agile:Revolutionizing Federal Digital Services Delivery

    Here’s one indication that times have changed: Harriet Tubman is going to be the next face of the twenty dollar bill. Another sign of change? The way in which the federal government arrived at that decision.

  • Cyber Risk Report: Cybercrime Trends from 2016

    In our first half 2016 cyber trends report, SurfWatch Labs threat intelligence analysts noted one key theme – the interconnected nature of cybercrime – and the second half of the year saw organizations continuing to struggle with that reality. The number of potential cyber threats, the pool of already compromised information, and the ease of finding increasingly sophisticated cybercriminal tools continued to snowball throughout the year.

  • Featured Content from RSA Conference: Dissed by NIST

    Learn more about the latest draft of the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology guidance document on authentication and lifecycle management.

  • GBC Issue Brief: The Future of 9-1-1

    A Look Into the Next Generation of Emergency Services

  • GBC Survey Report: Securing the Perimeters

    A candid survey on cybersecurity in state and local governments

  • The New IP: Moving Government Agencies Toward the Network of The Future

    Federal IT managers are looking to modernize legacy network infrastructures that are taxed by growing demands from mobile devices, video, vast amounts of data, and more. This issue brief discusses the federal government network landscape, as well as market, financial force drivers for network modernization.

  • eBook: State & Local Cybersecurity

    CenturyLink is committed to helping state and local governments meet their cybersecurity challenges. Towards that end, CenturyLink commissioned a study from the Government Business Council that looked at the perceptions, attitudes and experiences of state and local leaders around the cybersecurity issue. The results were surprising in a number of ways. Learn more about their findings and the ways in which state and local governments can combat cybersecurity threats with this eBook.


When you download a report, your information may be shared with the underwriters of that document.