Ex-FEMA head says White House warned about flooding

Former Federal Emergency Management Agency Director Michael Brown testified Friday that he went around top brass at the Homeland Security Department and notified White House officials as soon he was informed that New Orleans was flooding from Hurricane Katrina.

Brown told the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee that he had been frustrated with the Homeland Security Department's bureaucracy that he said took terrorist threats more seriously than natural disaster planning. He disputed claims by top Homeland Security officials that they were not informed of flooding until almost 24 hours after Brown was told of levee breaches in New Orleans.

"I find it a little disingenuous that DHS [says it] is not getting information," Brown said. Top Homeland Security officials, he said, were informed continually through Katrina and its aftermath by phone calls, e-mails and video conferencing.

Brown told lawmakers that his obligation was to make sure the White House -- specifically Joe Hagen, a deputy White House chief of staff -- was aware of the threat of Gulf Coast flooding. Brown said he also might have spoken to White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card.

Some panel members said they were shocked by the dysfunction within the Homeland Security Department during the disaster, specifically on why Brown did not directly contact Homeland Security Secretary Chertoff when he learned of the flooding reports. Sen. Robert Bennett, R-Utah, said he was amazed that Brown said he wanted to cut through Homeland Security bureaucracy and contact White House officials, rather than call Chertoff.

"That is a staggering statement," Bennett said.

Sen. Daniel Akaka, D-Hawaii, said he had concerns that FEMA's emergency preparedness role would be placed on the backburner when the agency was incorporated into the Homeland Security Department in 2003. Akaka asked Brown if he supported White House budget proposals to cut FEMA's pre-disaster mitigation program.

Brown replied that mitigation funding "was given a back seat" by OMB and that he argued in support of such programs but was overruled.

The biggest confrontation during the hearing was between Brown and Sen. Norm Coleman, R-Minn. "We had an almost perfect storm of poor leadership," Coleman said, singling out Brown, Louisiana Gov. Kathleen Blanco and New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin.

Coleman noted significant delays in obtaining portable lighting systems and bathrooms while people were in grim circumstances at the Superdome and the city's convention center.

Brown disputed Coleman's assertion and said the National Guard had difficulties getting supplies into the Superdome in part because of reports of violence. Coleman claimed Brown was trying to blame the Homeland Security Department's structural deficiencies for the breakdown in emergency response rather than his own actions.

"You are not prepared to put a mirror in front of your face and recognize your own inadequacies and say, 'You know something, I made some big mistakes,'" Coleman said. Brown replied, "That's very easy to say with you being behind the dais."

Stay up-to-date with federal news alerts and analysis — Sign up for GovExec's email newsletters.
Close [ x ] More from GovExec

Thank you for subscribing to newsletters from GovExec.com.
We think these reports might interest you:

  • Sponsored by G Suite

    Cross-Agency Teamwork, Anytime and Anywhere

    Dan McCrae, director of IT service delivery division, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • Data-Centric Security vs. Database-Level Security

    Database-level encryption had its origins in the 1990s and early 2000s in response to very basic risks which largely revolved around the theft of servers, backup tapes and other physical-layer assets. As noted in Verizon’s 2014, Data Breach Investigations Report (DBIR)1, threats today are far more advanced and dangerous.

  • Sponsored by One Identity

    One Nation Under Guard: Securing User Identities Across State and Local Government

    In 2016, the government can expect even more sophisticated threats on the horizon, making it all the more imperative that agencies enforce proper identity and access management (IAM) practices. In order to better measure the current state of IAM at the state and local level, Government Business Council (GBC) conducted an in-depth research study of state and local employees.

  • Sponsored by Aquilent

    The Next Federal Evolution of Cloud

    This GBC report explains the evolution of cloud computing in federal government, and provides an outlook for the future of the cloud in government IT.

  • Sponsored by LTC Partners, administrators of the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program

    Approaching the Brink of Federal Retirement

    Approximately 10,000 baby boomers are reaching retirement age per day, and a growing number of federal employees are preparing themselves for the next chapter of their lives. Learn how to tackle the challenges that today's workforce faces in laying the groundwork for a smooth and secure retirement.

  • Sponsored by Hewlett Packard Enterprise

    Cyber Defense 101: Arming the Next Generation of Government Employees

    Read this issue brief to learn about the sector's most potent challenges in the new cyber landscape and how government organizations are building a robust, threat-aware infrastructure

  • Sponsored by Aquilent

    GBC Issue Brief: Cultivating Digital Services in the Federal Landscape

    Read this GBC issue brief to learn more about the current state of digital services in the government, and how key players are pushing enhancements towards a user-centric approach.


When you download a report, your information may be shared with the underwriters of that document.