During a hearing before the Judiciary Commercial and Administrative Law Subcommittee, Nuala O'Connor Kelly told lawmakers that there is "no more compelling public policy issue" than the sharing of information between the government and the private sector.
Her main tenet in addressing privacy concerns in the pursuit of security is to have clear, identifiable legal and policy protections and rules that everyone understands and obeys, she said.
Kelly said her role is "absolutely not" at odds with the mission of the department because its mission extends to protecting people's liberties and way of life.
James Dempsey, executive director of the Center for Democracy and Technology, praised Kelly's work in her 10 months on the job but raised criticisms. He and Sally Katzen, a visiting professor at the University of Michigan law school, said the assessment of the privacy impact of an immigrant-tracking system should have been issued before implementation began. Dempsey said the impact statement was "deficient" on redress for individuals with complaints and should have been more specific on data quality and data retention.
Dempsey also called for every federal agency to have a statutory privacy officer with authorities similar to those held by Kelly. The key to such officers' effectiveness is that their positions be created by law, that they have enough staff and that they be included in senior-level policy deliberations, he said.
In addition, Dempsey said further privacy reforms are needed because most agencies have not made their mandated impact assessments publicly available and because greater government awareness of new privacy laws is needed. Finally, he said the nation's privacy laws need updating -- to reflect the current data-oriented environment in which much information useful to government is held by the private sector, for instance.
Former Virginia Gov. James Gilmore, now the president of USA Secure and the former chairman of a panel on terrorism that called on President Bush to establish a civil-liberties oversight board, urged Congress to ensure that citizens' freedoms and values are preserved.
"We may be entering into a historic time in which bad decisions now may have consequences to the freedoms of the American people throughout their future," he said in written testimony. He noted that methods of monitoring the personal activities of citizens have always been utilized more by some other countries than the United States but said that might be changing.
Katzen praised Kelly for improving a privacy notice on the department's upcoming system for pre-screening airline passengers but said there was some "backsliding." For instance, the second notice stretched the potential use of the information from fighting terrorism to any violation of criminal or immigration law. The document also was vague on individuals' access to the data and their ability to correct mistakes.
After the hearing, the subcommittee was scheduled to vote on a bill, H.R. 338, that would incorporate privacy protections into the operations of federal agencies.