Homeland Security: The Players

At least 43 federal agencies and offices are involved in the war on terrorism. The official list is classified. But here is a partial list of players and roles:

NATIONAL POLICY

National Security Council (White House). Coordinates foreign strategy.
Office of Homeland Security (White House). Coordinates domestic defense.
Council of Economic Advisers (White House). Coordinates economic recovery.

INTELLIGENCE

Central Intelligence Agency. Coordinates all foreign intelligence, deploys spies.
National Security Agency. Intercepts foreign communications.
National Reconaissance Office (Defense). Runs spy satellites.
Defense Intelligence Agency (Defense). Coordinates military intelligence.
Special Operations Command (Defense). Scouts hostile territory.
State Department. Negotiates with foreign governments.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (Justice). Investigates attacks.
Treasury Department. Monitors suspicious financial activity.
Securities and Exchange Commission. Monitors suspicious trades.

PREEMPTION AND RETALIATION

Defense Department. Stages military strikes.
FBI. Arrests terrorists.
Drug Enforcement Administration (Justice). Attacks Afghan opium trade.
Treasury Department. Freezes terrorist accounts.

BORDER SECURITY

Coast Guard (Transportation in peacetime, Defense in wartime). Patrols coasts and waterways.
Immigration and Naturalization Service (Justice). Monitors people entering U.S.
Customs Service (Treasury). Monitors goods entering U.S.
North American Aerospace Defense Command (Defense/Canada). Monitors aircraft and missiles.

DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE

FBI. Coordinates crisis response.
Office for Domestic Preparedness (Justice). Trains and equips local agencies.
Federal Emergency Management Agency. Supports, trains, and equips local fire, medical personnel.
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (Treasury). Trains locals in explosives handling.
National Guard (Defense). Provides disaster relief, security.
Joint Task Force, Civil Support (Defense). Coordinates other military assistance.
Health and Human Services Department. Assists locals with bioterrorism, mass casualties.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS). Detects disease outbreaks.
Environmental Protection Agency. Responds to chemical attacks.
Energy Department. Responds to radioactive and nuclear attacks.
Agriculture Department. Responds to attacks on food supply, crops, and livestock.
Food and Drug Administration. Monitors food supply.
Veterans Affairs Department. Provides extra hospital space.
Transportation Department. Protects transportation infrastructure.
National Infrastructure Protection Center (FBI). Protects computer networks.
Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office (Commerce). Protects computer networks.

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