Retirement Planning Retirement PlanningRetirement Planning
Advice on how to prepare for life after government.

Benefits Cuts and the President’s Budget

There’s been a lot of news lately about the release of President Trump’s proposed budget on May 23. Of greatest concern to the readers of this column are proposals to make significant and substantial changes to the two federal retirement programs: the Civil Service Retirement System and the Federal Employees Retirement System (including modifications in 2013 and 2014 that required larger employee contributions to FERS and reduced agency contributions).

I typically don’t write about proposed changes to benefits in my column until they become law, but since there may be more support in Congress than in years past for these changes, it is worth exploring them.

The president’s budget, which is strongly opposed by groups such as the National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association, contains the following provisions:

  • Cost-of-living allowances for current and future FERS retirees would be eliminated altogether.
  • COLAs for CSRS retirees would be reduced by 0.5 percent each year from what they would have been otherwise.
  • FERS employees would see employee contributions to their annuities increased by 1 percent each year for the next six years, without any corresponding benefit increase.
  • The FERS annuity supplement would be eliminated for new retirees...

The Perils and Pitfalls of Retiring Really Early

Last week, we explored the possibility of joining the FIRE (financial independence/retire early) movement as a federal employee. It involves aggressively saving and investing in the hope of retiring as early as age 45.

There are some specific issues that federal employees would need to carefully consider before pursuing such a strategy. Let’s look at a few of them.

A deferred retirement benefit under the Federal Employees Retirement System is payable as early as your minimum retirement age (55 to 57, depending on when you were born) if you have a minimum of 10 years of federal service when you leave. But if you retired early, you’d have to rely completely on your savings to get you to your MRA for your FERS basic retirement benefit to be payable. Then you’d have to wait until you turned 62 for your first eligibility for Social Security retirement benefits.

Also, without entitlement to a FERS basic annuity benefit, you would forfeit lifetime continuation of federal health insurance under the Federal Employees Health Benefits program. To continue your health and life insurance benefits, you must be eligible for an immediate retirement and be covered for the last five years...

Can You Retire at 45?

I received an email recently about someone interested in getting fired — but not the way you think:

I have recently caught interest in the FIRE (financial independence/retire early) movement and was wondering if you have ever written any articles or helped any other federal employees plan retirement for this situation. I am in my early 30s and have dreams to retire by age 45 or 50, but most of the guidance out there does not apply to my situation. Other websites cover this topic in detail, but something specific to federal employees would be a great read.

After doing some research on the FIRE concept, I found that retiring very early is a real goal of more than one federal employee. Here are some of the articles I read to learn more about the concept:

According to Rob Berger, a contributor at Forbes and the author of the last of the articles listed above, the goal of extreme early retirement can be achieved by following four steps. But be forewarned: They’re not easy.

Step One: Earn a...

A Story of Skyrocketing Premiums

Last week, we looked at what happens when life events require that you make changes to your benefits options.

Unfortunately, for those who are already retired, this is sometimes not as easy as it sounds. In addition to contacting the official organizations referenced in last week’s column, retirees also can get help from organizations like the National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association if they are not sure how to make a change to their retirement benefits.

Here’s one cautionary tale about this kind of situation. It involves Ted and Martha — who are in their 70s and live in New York — and NARFE’s New York Federation. But don’t worry, it has a happy ending.

Like many retirees, Ted and Martha have had the same health insurance coverage for many years. During the most recent annual open season, they didn’t make any changes, because they were happy with the coverage they had. Little did they know their premiums were about to go up by more than $600 per month.

When they received their first retirement payment of 2017, with the new, much larger, premiums deducted, you can imagine their surprise and panic. It would be another...

Life Changes and Benefits Changes

Federal employees and retirees typically consider making changes to their benefits during an open season or when a new benefit is introduced. However, there are times when changes need to be made for more personal reasons, such as a life-changing event. During such times, it can be confusing to navigate the process of making changes, since no one else is doing it at the same time as you are.

What do you do when it’s time to add or change your benefits because of a life event such as a marriage, divorce, birth or adoption of a child, or the death of a family member?

If you’re a current employee, you can contact your human resources office or access the employee page of your agency’s website. If you’re retired, generally you’ll need to contact the Office of Personnel Management, the Thrift Savings Plan or the Social Security Administration. Most changes to benefits can be made online, and the instructions are generally easy to follow.

For example, to change the allocation of your TSP investments, visit the Interfund Transfers page of the TSP website. Here you will find a three-minute YouTube video along with written online...