Management Mess

The ongoing battle between immigration agencies exemplifies the challenges that have stalled and stymied progress at the Homeland Security Department.

March 2003

Homeland Security Department opens with former Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Ridge at the helm. New units include Border and Transportation Directorate with its Immigration and Customs Enforcement and Customs and Border Protection bureaus.

June 2003

June 6: ICE Administrator Michael Garcia writes to Border and Transportation Security Directorate chief Asa Hutchinson saying the ICE budget is short $500 million and seeking a transfer of funds from CBP.

June 2003

June 11: CBP Commissioner Robert Bonner resists. Hutchinson tells Garcia and Bonner to resolve their disagreement.

Feb.-Sept. 2004

February: DHS budget office is forced to mediate ICE-CBP dispute.

March-September: Funding shortfall forces ICE to begin a hiring freeze, release criminal aliens from detention and restrict nonessential spending.

October 2004

Oct. 31: Office of Air and Marine Operations is transferred intact from ICE to Customs and Border Protection.

December 2004

December: Outside consultants hired by DHS find ICE has huge funding shortfall, while CBP has a surplus.

February 2005

Feb. 15: Judge Michael Chertoff is sworn in as the nation's second Homeland Security secretary.

March 2005

DHS asks Congress for permission to reprogram money among its agencies and programs. Congress refuses.

March 16: Chertoff announces departmentwide second stage review to recommend improvements.

May-July 2005

May: Congress gives ICE $276 million in emergency funding and orders agency to lift its hiring freeze.

July 13: ICE and CBP become stand-alone bureaus, reporting directly to Chertoff and his deputy.

October 2005

Oct. 1: ICE gets $4.4 billion for fiscal year 2006. DHS says agency problems have been resolved.

Oct. 1: CBP integrates aviation assets within AMO and the Border Patrol to form CBP Air.

January 2006

Jan. 17: CBP combines marine assets within AMO and Border Patrol, along with CBP Air, to form the new CBP Air and Marine.

Stay up-to-date with federal news alerts and analysis — Sign up for GovExec's email newsletters.
Close [ x ] More from GovExec

Thank you for subscribing to newsletters from
We think these reports might interest you:

  • Sponsored by G Suite

    Cross-Agency Teamwork, Anytime and Anywhere

    Dan McCrae, director of IT service delivery division, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • Data-Centric Security vs. Database-Level Security

    Database-level encryption had its origins in the 1990s and early 2000s in response to very basic risks which largely revolved around the theft of servers, backup tapes and other physical-layer assets. As noted in Verizon’s 2014, Data Breach Investigations Report (DBIR)1, threats today are far more advanced and dangerous.

  • Sponsored by One Identity

    One Nation Under Guard: Securing User Identities Across State and Local Government

    In 2016, the government can expect even more sophisticated threats on the horizon, making it all the more imperative that agencies enforce proper identity and access management (IAM) practices. In order to better measure the current state of IAM at the state and local level, Government Business Council (GBC) conducted an in-depth research study of state and local employees.

  • Sponsored by Aquilent

    The Next Federal Evolution of Cloud

    This GBC report explains the evolution of cloud computing in federal government, and provides an outlook for the future of the cloud in government IT.

  • Sponsored by LTC Partners, administrators of the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program

    Approaching the Brink of Federal Retirement

    Approximately 10,000 baby boomers are reaching retirement age per day, and a growing number of federal employees are preparing themselves for the next chapter of their lives. Learn how to tackle the challenges that today's workforce faces in laying the groundwork for a smooth and secure retirement.

  • Sponsored by Hewlett Packard Enterprise

    Cyber Defense 101: Arming the Next Generation of Government Employees

    Read this issue brief to learn about the sector's most potent challenges in the new cyber landscape and how government organizations are building a robust, threat-aware infrastructure

  • Sponsored by Aquilent

    GBC Issue Brief: Cultivating Digital Services in the Federal Landscape

    Read this GBC issue brief to learn more about the current state of digital services in the government, and how key players are pushing enhancements towards a user-centric approach.


When you download a report, your information may be shared with the underwriters of that document.