October 19, 2012
This week, the federal government announced that the cost-of-living increase for federal retirees and Social Security recipients will be 1.7 percent in 2013. That’s not a lot of money, so it may cause some retirees and those contemplating retirement to wonder about how they can get the most out of their benefits.
One thing that those retiring under the Federal Employees Retirement System can do to maximize their income is to carefully consider the best time to claim Social Security benefits. There are a lot of variables involved, so it helps to have some guidance. One user-friendly book I’ve found is A Social Security Owner’s Manual. It provides a guide to help for couples decide whether to claim Social Security at their first opportunity -- when they turn 62 -- or to wait.
If you wait past your full retirement age (65-67, depending on your year of birth), you can get a benefit as much as 76 percent bigger than the amount payable at 62, and 32 percent more than the benefit available at your full retirement age.
Let’s look at a hypothetical scenario involving a couple that shows how delaying Social Security can result in higher lifetime benefits. This scenario does not take into account future cost-of-living adjustments or cases where there is a spousal benefit payable on the work record of the higher earner while both individuals are living.
Spouse with higher lifetime earnings:
If both spouses claim their Social Security benefit at 62 and live to be 95, they would receive $594,000 (from the higher earner) and $297,000 (from the lower earner), for a total of $891,000. But if the higher earner died at 72 and the lower earned lived to be 95, the total income would be $684,000 -- $207,000 less than if they had both lived to 95.
What if they both waited until they turned 70 to claim benefits, and then lived to 95? The higher earner would receive $792,000 and the lower earner $396,000, for a total of $1,188,000. But if the higher earner died at 72 and the lower earner lived to 95, the benefit would add up to $823,780.
If your head isn’t already spinning, consider this scenario: The higher earner waits until age 70 to claim benefits and the lower earner files at 62. If the higher earner lives to 72 and the lower earner lives to 95, here’s how it would play out: the higher earner would receive $63,360 in benefits and the lower would eventually take in $818, 640. Their total income would be $882,000.
Here are my conclusions on figuring out the best Social Security claiming strategy:
Remember, another solution is to continue doing work you enjoy, while making sure you have time to also enjoy the other things that life has to offer such as travel, spending time with family and pursuing hobbies. This way, you can continue providing income to your household and build up your benefits.
In any case, it pays to think ahead about various scenarios. As Thomas Edison said, “Good fortune is what happens when opportunity meets with planning.”
Correction: The original version of this column contained a math error in the second example under "Spousal Scenarios" regarding the total amount both spouses would receive if they waited until they turned 70 to claim benefits, and then lived to 95. The column has been updated to correct the error.
October 19, 2012