Non-defense R&D spending is up $1.1 billion, reaching $59 billion, in President Bush's budget request.
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A race-by-race analysis signals that the GOP has a good chance of retaining control in midterm elections.
Andrew Card leaves post as chief of staff after more than five years; Joshua Bolten named to succeed him.
Homeland Security bureau has had trouble getting port operators to install monitors; about 40 percent of seaports have them.
Establishment of an impartial, federally funded body to evaluate projects would limit the role of politics in the investment process, commission says.
The extension, worth $3.1 billion, strengthens incentives for meeting project deadlines.
Move to focus proposed legislation on pay for performance could avoid lawsuits similar to ones hindering efforts at Defense, DHS.
If approved by the full Senate, measure must be resolved with a House-passed bill that is devoted mainly to beefed-up border security.