- Create a smart power deputy serving both the national security adviser and the director of the Office of Management and Budget, to focus on long-term strategy and manage interagency trade-offs.
- Create a standing coordination staff for interagency operations at the executive secretary level. This group would coordinate agencies' response to crises in an effort to avoid bureaucratic turf disputes over roles and missions.
- Create a Cabinet-level position for global development to coordinate the 50 separate government programs providing economic and technical assistance.
- Establish a Quadrennial Smart Power Review, modeled on the Pentagon's Quadrennial Defense Review, to undertake a comprehensive assessment of the resources and goals of the civilian tools of national power.
- Increase the number of Foreign Service personnel slots at the State Department by more than 1,000. The military is able to provide its officers with extensive educational opportunities because it routinely budgets for 10 percent more military officers than there are jobs. But civilian agencies do not budget for such personnel "floats."
- Beef up civilian agency coordination and management at the regional level, comparable to the Pentagon's regional combat commands. Civilian agencies tend to be dominated by their Washington headquarters offices, so politics often dominates decision-making, and interagency operations are not coordinated in the field.
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