Senate Confirms Fed Chair—Now the Hard Part Begins

Jacquelyn Martin/AP

The Senate voted 56-26 on Monday to confirm Janet Yellen as the next chair of the Federal Reserve, elevating her to arguably the most powerful woman in Washington. It won't be an easy job.

In addition to overseeing the unwinding of the central bank's bond-buying program and likely its first interest-rate hike since December 2008, Yellen will inherit the Fed chairman's twice-yearly grilling by members of Congress. The Fed chief is required by law to provide semiannual updates on monetary policy to the Senate Banking and House Financial Services committees.

It won't always be pleasant, but Yellen's job might be slightly easier than that of her predecessor, Ben Bernanke. Not only is the economy slowly improving but the Fed is also easing off a bond-buying program known as "quantitative easing" that has drawn criticism from a number of congressional Republicans, who say it could have unintended negative consequences for the economy.

"There's always a tension between the Fed and the Congress, which is sort of a rightful tension, but I don't think it's going to be as intense," said Stuart Hoffman, chief economist at the PNC Financial Services Group.

From Congress's perspective, the Fed is trudging toward more normal policies, which should please the vocal critics on the right, even as it may draw fresh criticism from Democrats who think the central bank is backing off its support for the fledgling recovery too soon. From the Fed's point of view, Congress just delivered more fiscal certainty—something Bernanke often urged it to do—with the passage of a modest two-year budget agreement last month.

But even though the Fed announced it would cut the total number of monthly asset purchases by $10 billion to $75 billion in December, the central bank still will be growing its balance sheet, which critics say could cause financial instability, through the bond-buying program in 2014. "I don't think the pressure lessens up. I just think it changes a little bit the nature of the Republican criticism," said Sarah Binder, a Congress expert at the Brookings Institution.

Some of the more politically contentious aspects of the Fed are, in addition to quantitative easing, its work as a financial regulator and its transparency. A bill that would open up the central bank's monetary-policy decisions to congressional scrutiny has been the most prominent effort in recent years to change the Fed; it passed the House in 2012 but so far has failed to advance in the Senate.

"I would be very concerned about legislation that would subject the Federal Reserve to short-term political pressures that could interfere with [its] independence," Yellen said at her confirmation hearing, echoing concerns that Bernanke raised during his tenure.

She may be forced, like Bernanke, to defend her position again.

The House Financial Services Committee announced last month that it would spend 2014 examining the Fed's mission through a series of hearings and is prepared to mark up legislation to reform the Fed later next year. The first of 2014, scheduled for Thursday, will focus on the international impacts of the Fed's bond-buying program.

This article appears in the January 7, 2014 of NJ Daily.                          

Stay up-to-date with federal news alerts and analysis — Sign up for GovExec's email newsletters.
Close [ x ] More from GovExec

Thank you for subscribing to newsletters from
We think these reports might interest you:

  • Sponsored by G Suite

    Cross-Agency Teamwork, Anytime and Anywhere

    Dan McCrae, director of IT service delivery division, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

  • Data-Centric Security vs. Database-Level Security

    Database-level encryption had its origins in the 1990s and early 2000s in response to very basic risks which largely revolved around the theft of servers, backup tapes and other physical-layer assets. As noted in Verizon’s 2014, Data Breach Investigations Report (DBIR)1, threats today are far more advanced and dangerous.

  • Sponsored by One Identity

    One Nation Under Guard: Securing User Identities Across State and Local Government

    In 2016, the government can expect even more sophisticated threats on the horizon, making it all the more imperative that agencies enforce proper identity and access management (IAM) practices. In order to better measure the current state of IAM at the state and local level, Government Business Council (GBC) conducted an in-depth research study of state and local employees.

  • Sponsored by Aquilent

    The Next Federal Evolution of Cloud

    This GBC report explains the evolution of cloud computing in federal government, and provides an outlook for the future of the cloud in government IT.

  • Sponsored by LTC Partners, administrators of the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program

    Approaching the Brink of Federal Retirement

    Approximately 10,000 baby boomers are reaching retirement age per day, and a growing number of federal employees are preparing themselves for the next chapter of their lives. Learn how to tackle the challenges that today's workforce faces in laying the groundwork for a smooth and secure retirement.

  • Sponsored by Hewlett Packard Enterprise

    Cyber Defense 101: Arming the Next Generation of Government Employees

    Read this issue brief to learn about the sector's most potent challenges in the new cyber landscape and how government organizations are building a robust, threat-aware infrastructure

  • Sponsored by Aquilent

    GBC Issue Brief: Cultivating Digital Services in the Federal Landscape

    Read this GBC issue brief to learn more about the current state of digital services in the government, and how key players are pushing enhancements towards a user-centric approach.


When you download a report, your information may be shared with the underwriters of that document.