In break with previous proposals, president seeks same increase for military service members and civilian employees.
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Fiscal 2007 request also includes increases for efforts to detect weapons of mass destruction.
President Bush asks Congress for $64.3 billion, but legislators have a history of appropriating less than he requests.
Fiscal 2007 proposal promises continued focus on results and recommends significant cuts to 141 programs.
Overall science funding request is flat, but non-defense R&D nevertheless would be boosted 1.9 percent.
Agency's proposed budget includes incentives to retain "highly qualified and productive workforce."
Lawmakers praise effort to slow entitlement growth, warn that stringent cuts in discretionary spending may be hard to swallow.
Technology transformation programs fare well, while some poor-performing or low priority items are recommended for reductions.