May 29, 2013
Some federal agencies have gone above and beyond U.S. Chief Information Officer Steven VanRoekel’s May 2012 call to open as much of their data as possible to private sector entrepreneurs, according to a Nextgov analysis. Other agencies have barely met minimum open data requirements.
The government released a catalog last week with more than 400 application programming interfaces, or APIs, that can stream government data directly to an external system such as a website or mobile app. Government APIs can tell the public which hospitals charge the most for a heart procedure, where to find the nearest farmer’s market and how many $2 bills were printed in 2002. VanRoekel and other technology officials hope entrepreneurs will turn the data into profitable applications just as an earlier generation of entrepreneurs built businesses out of government-furnished Global Positioning System and weather data.
A handful of Cabinet-level agencies are clearly leading the charge on open data. The Health and Human Services Department, for example, has released 61 APIs .
The Homeland Security and State departments, on the other hand, only met the Digital Government Strategy’s minimum requirement to offer two APIs by May 23, 2013.
The Justice Department is the only agency that fell short of the strategy’s two-API mandate, releasing only one API that meets the digital strategy’s definition. Justice released another API that does not appear to offer “machine-to-machine interaction over a network,” per the White House definition. Justice had not responded to a Nextgov request for clarification by Wednesday afternoon.
The Labor Department only released one API, but it connects with multiple data sets, so it meets the spirit if not the letter of the requirement.
Overall about 7 percent of APIs released by Cabinet-level agencies in a catalog last week do not meet the White House definition, either because they do not offer machine-to-machine connections, do not do so yet, or the API URL does not work. VanRoekel acknowledged some of the APIs were still in progress during a conference call with reporters last week but stressed that the majority of newly released government APIs are fully functioning and ready for developers.
Here are some other observations from Nextgov’s analysis of the API catalog:
May 29, 2013