Bush administration tried -- and failed -- to federalize National Guard units deployed to Louisiana after Hurricane Katrina last year.
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Department to assume responsibility for additional detainees, enforcement.
Plan to gather as much as $118 million from workers may be challenged in public hearings.
Unions ask Congress to strip funding completely in an effort to halt human resources overhaul.
Victims will have option of keeping information confidential, and system will not track medical information.
Department official says overhaul could create six months to a year of "disruption, mission confusion and organizational churn.”
Hints charges may involve use of space-based satellites and systems to spy on U.S. citizens.
Under measure, Labor Department would identify at least 10 military jobs that could translate to civilian sector.
As applications remain stalled, the need for already-cleared workers swells.
Measure introduced Thursday also would give the agency a new name and direct access to White House during catastrophes.